New M.E.Thesis Submitted from IND. student

QUANTITATIVE ASSESSMENT OF HOSPITAL WASTE GENERATION TO RECOVER ENERGY:A STUDY OF MOGA DISTRICT By Amrinder Singh,Industrial


Abstract
Medical care is vital for our life and health, but the waste generated from medical activities represents a real problem of living nature and human world. The purpose of the present study is to obtain the quantitative assessment of hospital waste generation to recover energy in Moga district. To assess the types and quantity of different types of hospital waste a questionnaire was designed. The questionnaire consists of quantitative questions. 60 respondents from 20 hospitals have been personally visited and made to fill the questionnaire. Five samples of each different types of hospital waste like cotton, bandages, plastic syringe and glucose bottles in different conditions were taken from hospital. Collected samples were tested in laboratory where calorific value and proximate analysis tests were conducted. The study highlighted that glucose bottles has highest percentage in terms of mass with 46%, bandages next highest has 16%, glass with 14%, plastic syringe with 12%, cotton and paper has 6% each in terms of mass. Plastic syringe has highest calorific value which is 42740 kJ/kg, while cotton has least 15190 kJ/kg. The study highlighted that quantity of hospital waste is increasing rapidly, it is better to implement an energy recovery project rather than incinerate or dumping of hospital waste. A gasifier should be installed near Moga, since land cost is less and hospital waste of Moga and near districts can be simultaneously treated there.


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